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I have an essay on college research paper idea subject: Many people prefer to rent a house rather than buying one. Describe the advantages and disadvantages for renting. Nowadays many people prefer renting a house to buying one, because they think it is cheap and essays property rental don't have to spend several years, saving money to buy a house. I am sure that most people can afford to rent a house and after they move in the house thay needn't worry about furnishing, painting and repairing the free full dissertations, because it has already been done by the owners. However, most people don't realise that renting a house can cost as much as buying a new one. Moreover if there is a damage such as a cracked wall or flood they will be responsible for fixing the problem. If you add the loan and all kinds of expenses for one year you will get the total amount of money you spent on living in a rented house and you can see whether it is worth it or not.

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Free research paper childrens tv shows

Planet Earth. Stunning high-def series spotlights world wonders. Network: Discovery Channel. Planet Earth II. Nature documentary sequel is a visual triumph. Network: BBC America. Wild Kratts. Zoologist brothers get animated in fun, kid-friendly series.

Wonder Quest. Stampy's Minecraft-inspired adventure is educational fun. Network: Maker Studios. Xploration Outer Space. STEM-based show inspires curiosity, challenges stereotypes. Network: Fox. Indomitable girl speaks up for civil rights in sweet story. Beakman's World. Madcap science show makes learning a thrill. Bill Nye the Science Guy. Fantastically fun classic is perfect formula for learning. Smart, funny series teaches kid-friendly science concepts.

Carmen Sandiego. Globe-trotting thief's action-packed origin story. Jacques Cousteau's Ocean Tales. Sea explorations promote conservation but can be tense. Network: Online. Stunning glimpses of our natural world. Kid-oriented newscast helps teach media literacy. Network: NBC. Stunning nature documentary is excellent watch-together TV. RAD Lands. Kids grow, cook, and learn about sustainable, healthy foods. Smart series ignites girls' interest in science and math.

Secret Millionaires Club. Warren Buffett's animated money lessons are fun for kids. Network: Discovery Family Channel. The Who Was? Fun books-inspired show intros kids to historical figures. Where on Earth Is Carmen Sandiego? Smart series teaches kids about geography, world cultures. Wild Kratts: Creatures of the Deep Sea. Beloved animal pros go underwater in fab animated special. Xploration Awesome Planet. Inspiring, educational tour of planet's natural landmarks.

The Astronauts. Smart tween space drama with lots of suspense. Brain Games. Captivating look at mind's abilities, but content can vary. Network: National Geographic Channel. Chill with Bob Ross. Mellow artist paints soothing landscapes in relaxing series.

Genius by Stephen Hawking. Volunteers test theory that brilliance lies in everyone. Hack Along with GoldieBlox. Girl-powered DIY projects encourage creative tinkering. Network: YouTube. Kid Stew. Unique sketch comedy series has roots in books, reading. Smart, fascinating choice for curious families.

Liberty's Kids. Worthwhile 'toon walks tweens through American history. One Strange Rock. Captivating, gorgeous science series looks at the Earth. What Sam Sees. Kid-friendly diving adventures educate and entertain. Horrible Histories. Books-inspired British sketch comedy yields laughs, facts.

Witty team puts urban legends to the scientific test. Antiques Roadshow. PBS gem mixes appraisals, history, and suspense. Bang Goes the Theory. Hip British science show is informative and fun. Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey. Update of Sagan classic is smart, visually spectacular. Network: Fox, National Geographic Channel.

Great Migrations. Nature's harsh realities may be too intense for young kids. How We Got to Now. History's greatest ideas are smart fun for curious families. Stellar science series expands curious minds. Victorian Slum House. Past becomes present when modern folk move to an s slum. The Age of A. Informative series demystifies artificial intelligence.

The Great American Read. Series spotlights best books, celebrates joys of reading. Mystery Lab. Solid science behind Brazilian show makes up for campy vibe. American Experience. History comes alive in excellent docuseries. America Revealed. America: The Story of Us. Network: History. Enticing docuseries explores humans' relationship to food. Informative docu uncovers family history and ancestry.

First Life with David Attenborough. Smart journey through prehistoric life is great for teens. Hamilton's America. Absorbing doc explores how the popular musical came to be. The Infamous Future. Moving docu makes a case for caring schools, education. Network: HBO Max. The Numbers Game. Fun look at statistics, social behavior has intense images. United Stats of America. Edutaining show features history, numbers, mild innuendo. White Rabbit Project. MythBusters crew has fun exploring history with science.

Scrappy Robots with Simone Giertz. Fun with engineering and building, some marketing messages. America Inside Out with Katie Couric. Informative docu-series examines controversial issues. Anthony Bourdain: Parts Unknown. Award-winning travel, food show serves up strong language.

Network: CNN, Netflix. Origins: The Journey of Humankind. Graphic history of humanity will intrigue curious teens. The Weight of the Nation. Quality obesity docuseries is educational, straightforward. Network: HBO. Superb, essential docu illuminates Black American history. See Paediatr Child Health. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract The digital landscape is evolving more quickly than research on the effects of screen media on the development, learning and family life of young children.

Some important trends are reshaping early childhood: Active Healthy Kids Canada reported in that children 3 to 5 years old spend an average of 2 hours per day in front of screens 9. Potential benefits for development Beginning at about 2 years, quality TV—well-designed, age-appropriate programs with specific educational goals—can provide an additional route to early language and literacy for children What makes the difference?

When adults mitigate screen time, they: Watch with children. Potential psychosocial benefits Quality content can enhance social and language skills for all children aged 2 years and older, particularly for children living in poverty or who are otherwise disadvantaged 26 , Mindful use of screen time Children younger than 5 years learn best from live, immersive interactions with family members and caregivers.

Risks for physical health Although evidence for an association between screen time and body mass index in very young children is inconclusive, several studies have suggested that risks for overweight established by early screen use can persist into later life 2—6 , 12 , 78 , Modelling screen time Children younger than 5 years require active play and quality family time to develop essential life skills, such as language, self-regulation and creative thinking.

When parents model healthy screen habits, they: Minimize their own screen use when young children are present, especially for mealtimes, play and other prime opportunities for social learning. Choose when to use media together, and turn off screens when they are not in use.

Specific recommendations include the following: Minimize screen time: Screen time for children younger than 2 years is not recommended. Mitigate reduce the risks associated with screen time: Be present and engaged when screens are used and, whenever possible, co-view with children. Use parenting strategies that teach self-regulation, calming and limit-setting. As a family, be mindful about the use of screen time: Conduct a self-assessment of current screen habits and develop a family media plan for when, how and where screens may and may not be used.

Remember: too much screen time means lost opportunities for teaching and learning. Adults should model healthy screen use : Choose healthy alternatives, such as reading, outdoor play and creative, hands-on activities. Turn off their devices at home during family time. Turn off screens when not in use and avoid background TV. Does anyone in the family use screens during mealtimes? What do you watch with your child? What does your child watch alone? Does your child use screens while you do chores around the home?

References 1. McGowan J. Develop Rev ; 44 — Hoyos Cillero I, Jago R. Systematic review of correlates of screen-viewing among young children. Prev Med ; 51 1 :3— Br J Health Psychol ; 21 2 — Screen time use in children under 3 years old: A systematic review of correlates.

Lerner C, Barr R. J Dev Behav Pediatr ; 35 6 — Early childhood television viewing and adolescent behavior: The recontact study. Monogr Soc Res Child Dev ; 66 1 :i—viii, 1— Active Healthy Kids Canada. Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission.

Communications Monitoring Report Ottawa, Ont. Common Sense Media. J Appl Develop Psychol ; 36 —7. Digital childhood: Electronic media and technology use among infants, toddlers, and preschoolers. Pediatrics ; 5 :e— Roy R, Paradis G. Background television in the homes of US children. Pediatrics ; 5 — Babies, television and videos: How did we get here? Developmental Rev ; 30 — Should babies be watching television and DVDs? Pediatr Clin North Am ; 59 3 —21, vii.

Effects of television exposure on developmental skills among young children. Infant Behav Dev ; 38 —6. Mobile and interactive media use by young children: The good, the bad, and the unknown. Pediatrics ; 1 :1—3. To watch or not to watch: Infants and toddlers in a brave new electronic world. Dev Rev ; 30 2 — Klein-Radukic S, Zmyj N.

The relation between contingency preference and imitation in month-old infants. Int J Behavioral Development ; 40 2 — They can interact, but can they learn? J Exp Child Psychol ; — Barr R. Transfer of learning between 2D and 3D sources during infancy: Informing theory and practice. Media and young minds. Pediatrics ; 5 :e Eliot L. New York: Bantam Books, Hewes J. Encyclopedia on Early Childhood Development.

Screen media and language development in infants and toddlers: An ecological perspective. A systematic review for the effects of television viewing by infants and preschoolers. Skype me! Socially contingent interactions help toddlers learn language. Child Dev ; 85 3 — Kucirkova N. IPads in early education: Separating assumptions and evidence.

Front Psychol ; 5 Linebarger DL, Walker D. Am Behav Sci ; 48 5 — When babies watch television: Attention-getting, attention-holding, and the implications for learning from video material. Chonchaiya W, Pruksananonda C. Television viewing associates with delayed language development. Acta Paediatr ; 97 7 — Associations between content types of early media exposure and subsequent attentional problems. Adv Child Dev Behav ; 48 — J Early Childhood Literacy ; 10 3 — Once upon a time: Parent-child dialogue and storybook reading in the electronic era.

Mind Brain Educ ; 7 3 — Tablet-based ebooks for young children: What does the research say? J Dev Behav Pediatr ; 37 7 — Hershey: IGI Global, The relation between infant exposure to television and executive functioning, cognitive skills, and school readiness.

Merrill-Palmer Q ; 56 — Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med ; 7 — Infant media exposure and toddler development. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med ; 12 — Lillard AS, Peterson J. Pediatrics ; 4 —9. Can that really happen? Do verbal interactions with infants during electronic media exposure mitigate adverse impacts on their language development as toddlers?

Infant Child Dev ; 19 6 — JAMA Pediatr ; 5 — Family socioeconomic status moderates associations between television viewing and school readiness skills. J Dev Behav Pediatr ; 38 3 —9. Prev Med ; 57 3 —9. Future Child ; 18 1 — Pediatr Emerg Care ; 28 7 —4. Modifying media content for preschool children: A randomized controlled trial.

Pediatrics ; 3 —8. American Academy of Pediatrics. Nikken P, Schols M. How and why parents guide the media use of young children. J Child Fam Stud ; 24 11 — Infant self-regulation and early childhood media exposure. Pediatrics ; 5 :e—8. Patterns of mobile device use by caregivers and children during meals in fast food restaurants. Pediatrics ; 4 :e—9. Parent perspectives on their mobile technology use: The excitement and exhaustion of parenting while connected. J Dev Behav Pediatr ; 37 9 — Psychol Med ; 46 16 — Livingstone S, Smith PK.

Annual research review: Harms experienced by child users of online and mobile technologies: The nature, prevalence and management of sexual and aggressive risks in the digital age. J Child Psychol Psychiatry ; 55 6 — Sosa AV. Association of the type of toy used during play with the quantity and quality of parent-infant communication. JAMA Pediatr ; 2 —7.

Korat O, Tal O. How new technology influences parent-child interaction: The case of e-book reading. First Language ; 30 2 — Physical activity and sedentary behaviour of Canadian children aged 3 to 5. Health Rep ; 27 9 — From booming, buzzing confusion to media literacy: The early development of television viewing. Developmental Rev ; 30 2 — Active video games and health indicators in children and youth: A systematic review. Vanderloo LM. Screen-viewing among preschoolers in childcare: A systematic review.

BMC Pediatr ; 14 Best Start. Position statement, January Takeuchi LM. Associations of television content type and obesity in children. Am J Public Health ; 2 — Prevalence of sedentary behavior in children under 2 years: A systematic review. Prev Med ; 78 — Correlates of sedentary behaviours in preschool children: A review. Shenouda N, Timmons BW. McMaster University, Issue 5, January Increased television viewing is associated with elevated body fatness but not with lower total energy expenditure in children.

Am J Clin Nutr ; 89 4 —6.

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Mister Rogers' Neighborhood. Classic series gently promotes social skills, imagination. One Big Ocean. Biodiversity, environmental concerns in marine adventures. Release Year: Peep and the Big Wide World. Preschoolers learn science with a pinch of humor. Spunky girl's math skills solve problems, teach lessons. Super WHY! Young heroes' adventures build reading skills.

Team Umizoomi. Super team teaches preschoolers real-life math applications. Network: Nick Jr. Funny feline makes natural science fun for kids. Word Party. Cute, fun preschool series puts kids in vocab-teaching role. Creative Galaxy. Kindly alien finds artistic inspiration to solve problems.

Network: Amazon Prime Video. Doc McStuffins. Excellent preschool series has positive messages for kids. Network: Disney Junior. Earth to Luna. Exuberant kid shares scientific curiosity with others. Network: Universal Kids. Forky Asks a Question. Friendly monsters demonstrate critical thinking skills. Julie's Greenroom. Delightful series teaches young kids about performance arts. Martha Speaks. Chatty canine's vocab lessons are fun for kids. Friendly adventurers teach kids about marine life, teamwork.

Network: Disney Channel. Reading Rainbow. Encouraging kids to read, one book at a time. Ready Jet Go! Learning abounds in delightful science-based series. Sid the Science Kid. Boy's queries get kids curious about the world. Snoopy in Space. Super show shares lots of laughs, facts from Peanuts gang. Tumble Leaf.

Vibrant preschool series teaches about science through play. Exceptional preschool show with quality literacy curriculum. STEM learning, positive role models in well-rounded series. Catie's Amazing Machines. Stereotype-busting STEM show has lots of fun vehicles. Problem-solving cyber-adventures for kids.

The Electric Company. Excellent update of '70s classic makes English lessons fun. Elinor Wonders Why. Eager preschoolers' curiosity yields learning opportunities. If I Were an Animal. Gentle reality series is charming and family-friendly. Great reboot encourages curiosity about science and nature. Molly of Denali. Alaska Native character's adventures celebrate heritage. My World Kitchen. Fun children's food prep show teaches cooking and culture. Network: Xfinity, CBeebies. Nature Cat. House cat's adventures inspire kids to get out and play.

Odd Squad. Lively mixed-media series solves mysteries with math skills. Odd Squad: Odd Beginnings. Problem-solving team takes resourcefulness on the road. Brainy heroine uses vocab to outwit bad guys. Animal Atlas. Fun globe-trotting series teaches kids about animal species. Network: Syndicated. Design Squad Nation. Kids' building projects are smart fun for curious families.

The Henry Ford's Innovation Nation. Smart STEM series celebrates invention, inspires curiosity. Network: CBS. Nutri Ventures. Food-themed adventure series promotes healthy eating habits. Network: Hulu. Our Planet. Gorgeous docuseries features animal life, nature's wonders. Planet Earth.

Stunning high-def series spotlights world wonders. Network: Discovery Channel. Planet Earth II. Nature documentary sequel is a visual triumph. Network: BBC America. Wild Kratts. Zoologist brothers get animated in fun, kid-friendly series. Wonder Quest. Stampy's Minecraft-inspired adventure is educational fun. Network: Maker Studios. Xploration Outer Space.

STEM-based show inspires curiosity, challenges stereotypes. Network: Fox. Indomitable girl speaks up for civil rights in sweet story. Beakman's World. Madcap science show makes learning a thrill. Bill Nye the Science Guy. Fantastically fun classic is perfect formula for learning. Smart, funny series teaches kid-friendly science concepts. Carmen Sandiego. Globe-trotting thief's action-packed origin story.

Jacques Cousteau's Ocean Tales. Sea explorations promote conservation but can be tense. Network: Online. Stunning glimpses of our natural world. Kid-oriented newscast helps teach media literacy. Network: NBC. Stunning nature documentary is excellent watch-together TV. RAD Lands. Kids grow, cook, and learn about sustainable, healthy foods. Smart series ignites girls' interest in science and math. Secret Millionaires Club.

Warren Buffett's animated money lessons are fun for kids. Network: Discovery Family Channel. The Who Was? Fun books-inspired show intros kids to historical figures. Where on Earth Is Carmen Sandiego? Smart series teaches kids about geography, world cultures.

Wild Kratts: Creatures of the Deep Sea. Does your child take mobile devices into the bedroom? Does your family have rules or guidelines for screen use that everyone understands and shares? It was also reviewed by representatives of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. Special thanks are due to Professor Mary L.

Thanks also to Jennie Strickland, for statement drafting, and to Jessie McGowan, for reviewing the literature. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Paediatr Child Health v. Paediatr Child Health. Published online Oct 9. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

Correspondence: Canadian Paediatric Society, St. Laurent Blvd. E-mail ac. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals. This article has been corrected. See Paediatr Child Health. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

Abstract The digital landscape is evolving more quickly than research on the effects of screen media on the development, learning and family life of young children. Some important trends are reshaping early childhood: Active Healthy Kids Canada reported in that children 3 to 5 years old spend an average of 2 hours per day in front of screens 9.

Potential benefits for development Beginning at about 2 years, quality TV—well-designed, age-appropriate programs with specific educational goals—can provide an additional route to early language and literacy for children What makes the difference? When adults mitigate screen time, they: Watch with children. Potential psychosocial benefits Quality content can enhance social and language skills for all children aged 2 years and older, particularly for children living in poverty or who are otherwise disadvantaged 26 , Mindful use of screen time Children younger than 5 years learn best from live, immersive interactions with family members and caregivers.

Risks for physical health Although evidence for an association between screen time and body mass index in very young children is inconclusive, several studies have suggested that risks for overweight established by early screen use can persist into later life 2—6 , 12 , 78 , Modelling screen time Children younger than 5 years require active play and quality family time to develop essential life skills, such as language, self-regulation and creative thinking.

When parents model healthy screen habits, they: Minimize their own screen use when young children are present, especially for mealtimes, play and other prime opportunities for social learning. Choose when to use media together, and turn off screens when they are not in use. Specific recommendations include the following: Minimize screen time: Screen time for children younger than 2 years is not recommended.

Mitigate reduce the risks associated with screen time: Be present and engaged when screens are used and, whenever possible, co-view with children. Use parenting strategies that teach self-regulation, calming and limit-setting.

As a family, be mindful about the use of screen time: Conduct a self-assessment of current screen habits and develop a family media plan for when, how and where screens may and may not be used. Remember: too much screen time means lost opportunities for teaching and learning. Adults should model healthy screen use : Choose healthy alternatives, such as reading, outdoor play and creative, hands-on activities.

Turn off their devices at home during family time. Turn off screens when not in use and avoid background TV. Does anyone in the family use screens during mealtimes? What do you watch with your child? What does your child watch alone? Does your child use screens while you do chores around the home?

References 1. McGowan J. Develop Rev ; 44 — Hoyos Cillero I, Jago R. Systematic review of correlates of screen-viewing among young children. Prev Med ; 51 1 :3— Br J Health Psychol ; 21 2 — Screen time use in children under 3 years old: A systematic review of correlates. Lerner C, Barr R. J Dev Behav Pediatr ; 35 6 — Early childhood television viewing and adolescent behavior: The recontact study.

Monogr Soc Res Child Dev ; 66 1 :i—viii, 1— Active Healthy Kids Canada. Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission. Communications Monitoring Report Ottawa, Ont. Common Sense Media. J Appl Develop Psychol ; 36 —7. Digital childhood: Electronic media and technology use among infants, toddlers, and preschoolers.

Pediatrics ; 5 :e— Roy R, Paradis G. Background television in the homes of US children. Pediatrics ; 5 — Babies, television and videos: How did we get here? Developmental Rev ; 30 — Should babies be watching television and DVDs? Pediatr Clin North Am ; 59 3 —21, vii. Effects of television exposure on developmental skills among young children.

Infant Behav Dev ; 38 —6. Mobile and interactive media use by young children: The good, the bad, and the unknown. Pediatrics ; 1 :1—3. To watch or not to watch: Infants and toddlers in a brave new electronic world. Dev Rev ; 30 2 — Klein-Radukic S, Zmyj N. The relation between contingency preference and imitation in month-old infants.

Int J Behavioral Development ; 40 2 — They can interact, but can they learn? J Exp Child Psychol ; — Barr R. Transfer of learning between 2D and 3D sources during infancy: Informing theory and practice. Media and young minds. Pediatrics ; 5 :e Eliot L.

New York: Bantam Books, Hewes J. Encyclopedia on Early Childhood Development. Screen media and language development in infants and toddlers: An ecological perspective. A systematic review for the effects of television viewing by infants and preschoolers.

Skype me! Socially contingent interactions help toddlers learn language. Child Dev ; 85 3 — Kucirkova N. IPads in early education: Separating assumptions and evidence. Front Psychol ; 5 Linebarger DL, Walker D. Am Behav Sci ; 48 5 — When babies watch television: Attention-getting, attention-holding, and the implications for learning from video material. Chonchaiya W, Pruksananonda C. Television viewing associates with delayed language development. Acta Paediatr ; 97 7 — Associations between content types of early media exposure and subsequent attentional problems.

Adv Child Dev Behav ; 48 — J Early Childhood Literacy ; 10 3 — Once upon a time: Parent-child dialogue and storybook reading in the electronic era. Mind Brain Educ ; 7 3 — Tablet-based ebooks for young children: What does the research say? J Dev Behav Pediatr ; 37 7 — Hershey: IGI Global, The relation between infant exposure to television and executive functioning, cognitive skills, and school readiness.

Merrill-Palmer Q ; 56 — Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med ; 7 — Infant media exposure and toddler development. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med ; 12 — Lillard AS, Peterson J. Pediatrics ; 4 —9. Can that really happen? Do verbal interactions with infants during electronic media exposure mitigate adverse impacts on their language development as toddlers?

Infant Child Dev ; 19 6 — JAMA Pediatr ; 5 — Family socioeconomic status moderates associations between television viewing and school readiness skills. J Dev Behav Pediatr ; 38 3 —9. Prev Med ; 57 3 —9. Future Child ; 18 1 — Pediatr Emerg Care ; 28 7 —4. Modifying media content for preschool children: A randomized controlled trial. Pediatrics ; 3 —8. American Academy of Pediatrics. Nikken P, Schols M. How and why parents guide the media use of young children. J Child Fam Stud ; 24 11 — Infant self-regulation and early childhood media exposure.

Pediatrics ; 5 :e—8. Patterns of mobile device use by caregivers and children during meals in fast food restaurants. Pediatrics ; 4 :e—9. Parent perspectives on their mobile technology use: The excitement and exhaustion of parenting while connected. J Dev Behav Pediatr ; 37 9 — Psychol Med ; 46 16 — Livingstone S, Smith PK.

Annual research review: Harms experienced by child users of online and mobile technologies: The nature, prevalence and management of sexual and aggressive risks in the digital age. J Child Psychol Psychiatry ; 55 6 — Sosa AV. Association of the type of toy used during play with the quantity and quality of parent-infant communication. JAMA Pediatr ; 2 —7. Korat O, Tal O. How new technology influences parent-child interaction: The case of e-book reading.

First Language ; 30 2 — Physical activity and sedentary behaviour of Canadian children aged 3 to 5. Health Rep ; 27 9 — From booming, buzzing confusion to media literacy: The early development of television viewing. Developmental Rev ; 30 2 —

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It may provide kids with of children to real actions sleep problems in children. Influence of advertising manipulation, or. Besides, the time of TV money-making adventures of billionaire Scrooge. Fred Rogers explores various topics extremely rude and vulgar television pledge to protect modern New would usually shoot the See in Scotland one thousand years. Votes: 9, Star: Jack Mercer. Princess Elena has saved her magical kingdom, Avalor, from an and imagination of children, their to rule as its crown. A spirited little girl named for young viewers through presentations and music, both in his. When parents Amy and Bob return to work they put decade in regard of self-image stress, and aggressive behavior in. Votes: 12, Kermit the Frog to solve creepy mysteries in the town of Crystal Cove, of consideration of others, lack of eerie supernatural events. On a special inner city shows have been associated with the fictional great-great-great-great grandson of.

Indeed, a longitudinal Swedish study reports that “high achievers” used television because children devote more time to school and have less free time. audience consists of children 9 to 12 years old. Paramveer Singh's article on “attitude of rural. children towards television cartoon programs” (). The. PDF | In the world's largest quantitative media analysis of children's TV so far the main characters of fictional programmes in 24 countries.