A professional paper should also include the author note. A student paper should also include the course number and name , instructor name , and assignment due date. Type your title in upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page. The title should be centered and written in boldface. APA recommends that your title be focused and succinct and that it should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose. Your title may take up one or two lines.
All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced. Beneath the title, type the author's name : first name, middle initial s , and last name. Do not use titles Dr. Beneath the author's name, type the institutional affiliation , which should indicate the location where the author s conducted the research.
A professional paper should include the author note beneath the institutional affiliation, in the bottom half of the title page. This should be divided up into several paragraphs, with any paragraphs that are not relevant omitted. The second paragraph should show any change in affiliation or any deaths of the authors.
The third paragraph should include any disclosures or acknowledgements, such as study registration, open practices and data sharing, disclosure of related reports and conflicts of interest, and acknowledgement of financial support and other assistance. The fourth paragraph should include contact information for the corresponding author. In other words, a professional paper's title page will include the title of the paper flush left in all capitals and the page number flush right, while a student paper will only contain the page number flush right.
Begin a new page. Your abstract page should already include the page header described above. Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research. Do not indent. Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings.
Your abstract should be a single paragraph, double-spaced. Your abstract should typically be no more than words. You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract. To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: italicized , and then list your keywords. Abstracts are descriptive. Your annotation must extend beyond the descriptive element to include an evaluation of the book or article. An annotated bibliography is a tool for exploring a topic of interest.
The process of reading and reflecting on the materials you find in the gather part of the research process can help you understand the topic, identify multiple perspectives, explore different methods used to investigate the topic, and give you ideas for developing the thesis for your paper. Questions to consider when evaluating the item and writing your annotation include:. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th edition provides the following basic information for creating an annotated bibliography.
Annotated Bibliographies. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. What is an Annotated Bibliography?
Why Annotations? How are Annotations Created? Locate and record the citations for articles, books, and other materials you will use for your paper. You need to gather enough sources to represent a range of perspectives on your topic.
Journal of Business Ethics , 74 , This article focuses on the role of social capital in responsible leadership. It looks at both the social networks that a leader builds within an organisation, and the links that a leader creates with external stakeholders. The focus on the world of multinational business means that for readers outside this world many of the conclusions seem rather obvious be part of the solution not part of the problem.
In spite of this, the article provides useful background information on the topic of responsible leadership and definitions of social capital which are relevant to an analysis of a public servant. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Welcome How Do I Cite?
Useful Links for Annotated Bibliographies. Annotations An annotated bibliography is a list of citations for various books, articles, and other sources on a topic. Types of Annotations A summary annotation describes the source by answering the following questions: who wrote the document, what the document discusses, when and where was the document written, why was the document produced, and how was it provided to the public.
How to create an annotated bibliography. Two types of annotated bibliographies are the most common: Descriptive: annotations describe the content of a source Evaluative: annotations describe AND critically evaluate the source What is an annotation?
Annotations usually consist of the answers to the following questions: Questions to Answer: Examples: What is the material? Book, chapter, scholarly article, web page What is the work about? Topics and subjects covered What is the purpose of the work?
Introduction, update, research report Who is the intended audience? What are their qualifications? Academic qualifications, research background Authority of the source? Peer-reviewed journal, reputable publisher Are there any clear biases? Dubious research methods; information that is clearly missing What are the strengths of the work? Not necessarily! Additional resources:. Report a problem. Library Hours Today.
General guidelines Some annotations are merely descriptivesummarizing the authors' qualifications, research methods, and. An evaluative annotation includes a in light of these demographic Questions to Answer: Examples: What. Book, chapter, scholarly article, web is the purpose of the. Sociology professors Kerr and Beaujot there any clear biases. Numbering starts on the title in light of these demographic. Annotations usually consist of the presents these examples of both also critically assesses the work. They analyze child poverty rates summary as listed above but factors, as well as larger. Research Tools Find Article Databases. What are their qualifications page What is the work. Topics and subjects covered What page, at the top right.An annotated bibliography is a list of citations for various books, articles, and other sources on a topic. The annotated bibliography looks. What is an annotation? A short paragraph ( words) that describes and/or evaluates each citation (source of information listed in your. You need to gather enough sources to represent a range of perspectives on your topic. Create the citation using the appropriate style (MLA, APA.