The correlation between homework and student achievement is inconsistent. In The Battle Over Homework , Cooper determined that the average correlation between the time primary children spent on homework and achievement was around zero.
Not to mention, the amount of homework completed had no effect on test scores. David Baker and Gerald LeTendre, professors of education at Penn State , found that countries that assign minimal amounts of homework, like Japan, were the most successful school systems compared to Greece and Iran school systems where students are given a lot of work.
Students are spending too much time completing homework assignments instead of playing outside or enjoying leisure activities, which teach and enhance important life skills. In addition, homework decreases the time spent with family. Secondly, it reduces the amount of time that children could be spending with their families. Family time is especially important to a growing child and without it social problems can crop up and a family unit can be compromised by a lack of time being spent together.
The frequency and duration of each assignment does not necessarily suggest a correlation between homework and student achievement. The minute rule was created by the National PTA which suggests 10 minutes per a grade should be assigned e. Effective homework is homework with a purpose. Students are given homework that is not furthering the concepts and skills. The homework is assigned because it has been drilled into our collective mind that homework produces higher performing students.
However, homework is most effective when it covers material already taught, is given for review, or is used to reinforce skills previously learned. Students should not be assigned homework on concepts and skills they do not grasp.
DataWORKS Educational Research recommends assigning homework to provide additional repetitions of the content to promote retention and automaticity. The reason for homework is to practice the content, NOT to learn the content. Students learn the content skills and concepts from the lesson taught at school. Students need to be able to complete the work at home without assistance because some students do not have an English-speaking parents or guardians to help them. In conclusion, research is inconsistent in determining if homework increases student achievement.
As educators, the amount, frequency, and the purpose should be considered prior to assigning homework. Homework should be used effectively! Instead of the quantity of homework, educators should improve the quality of the assignments.
Homework assignments must be well-designed. So, when assigning homework, please consider the effectiveness of it, homework should positively impact the student learning. Otherwise, the debate about homework will continue without an answer — to give or not to give! Kohn, Alfie Rethinking Homework. Kohn, Alfie. Cooper, H. Does homework improve academic achievement? A synthesis of research. Review of Educational Research, 76 1 , 1— She currently works as a Curriculum Specialist.
Patricia helped develop and create many of the early resources and workshops designed by DataWORKS, and she is an expert in analysis of standards. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Post comment.
Skip to content. Facebook page opens in new window Twitter page opens in new window Pinterest page opens in new window Linkedin page opens in new window. Toll Free Local Homework or No Homework. The Homework Debate The homework debate often focuses on how and why homework affects student learning and achievement.
The Benefits Homework provides practice with content, concepts, and skills taught at school by the teacher. Finnish students have some other great perks, along with not having to do homework. In US public schools there are many standardized tests, where in Finland they have almost none. Finland has 12 students to each teacher; in the US it is double. LEADPrep has one teacher per eight students. This low ratio gives each student more one on one time with their teacher, which is often a stimulus for growth.
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